Screenshot aus einem Werbefilm, den der chinesische Künstler Ai Weiwei gemeinsam mit dem deutschen Bau- und Gartenmarkt Hornbach. Ai Weiwei ist ein chinesischer Konzeptkünstler und Bildhauer. Auf provokative Weise kombiniert Ai, der zu den bekanntesten Künstlern der Welt gehört. «Nur wer schläft, darf unpolitisch sein». Der chinesische Künstler und Politik-Aktivist Ai Weiwei nahm gestern an der UZH den Frank-.
Ai Weiwei: "Es war eine gute Entscheidung, Wuhan abzuriegeln"Der chinesische Künstler Ai Weiwei zeigt in seinem neuen Dokumentarfilm "Coronation", wie ein autoritärer Staat der Corona-Pandemie. Ai Weiwei ist ein chinesischer Konzeptkünstler, Bildhauer und Kurator. Der Menschenrechtler und Dissident war nach regierungskritischen Äußerungen während der Proteste in China von April bis Juni inhaftiert und hatte bis Ai Weiwei ist ein chinesischer Konzeptkünstler und Bildhauer. Auf provokative Weise kombiniert Ai, der zu den bekanntesten Künstlern der Welt gehört.
Ai Weiwei Early life and work VideoStraight
The blog was soon shut down, and Ai was placed under surveillance, though he refused to curtail his activities. He transferred his online presence to Twitter.
Later in he was assaulted by police in Chengdu , where he was supporting a kindred activist on trial. Until the exhibit was roped off because of a feared health hazard, Ai had encouraged visitors to walk upon the seeds, considering the fragile sculptures a metaphor for the downtrodden Chinese populace.
Ai was briefly placed under house arrest to prevent him from attending a party at the complex in November, and the site was demolished two months later.
Also in November Ai launched another citizen investigation following a deadly fire in a Shanghai high-rise apartment building. Article Contents.
Home Visual Arts Architecture. Print print Print. One of the differences Ai sees between the UK and Germany is the engagement with his work and his opinions.
He says that he has done more interviews in one week with the British media than in five years with German outlets.
On the evidence of this feature, a You Ask the Questions special, there is certainly an intense fascination with Ai in Britain there are also at least a couple of questions from Germany, and submissions from all over the world.
You have moved to the UK just as we leave the European Union. What does the idea of the nation state mean to you? If you take a historical view, our map is always changing.
It continues to evolve. What is the most satisfying thing to you about being an artist? To not even think that I am an artist has been very satisfying for my work.
In free societies, people often have the romantic feeling that better art is produced in circumstances of hardship. What would you say to that?
This is a tricky question. I would say that many bad artworks have come from circumstances of hardship. But hardship can also be defined as a long period of mental and intellectual struggle.
Duchamp had the lightest attitude towards art but his mindset was formed over a long time, taking in poetry, French literature, the attitudes of that generation, Dadaism and surrealism.
The Large Glass speaks of all of that. An artist must also be an activist — aesthetically, morally, or philosophically.
Without that kind of consciousness — to be blind to human struggle — one cannot even be called an artist. What is your unrealised project?
That will be death. In my life I have gone through pretty much every single trauma: communism, postmodernism, post-capitalism and globalisation, but the only project I think everyone realises is death.
I know nothing about death. But since , when I touched a computer for the first time and started to learn how to type, I began working on the internet and have been reborn.
If I have to die now, I have no regrets. Even doctors or politicians, they should have vision and they should understand human behaviour and try to offer possibilities for surviving intellectually or physically.
How can art help the plight of refugees? Art tries to illustrate or explain the situation we are in. Art helps our human understanding of our situation.
After creating so many works of art that give voice to the voiceless across the world, I wonder what are the emotions that you find easier to think, write or express in Chinese and what are the emotions you find easier to think, write or express in English?
In , Ai was invited to start blogging by Sina Weibo , the biggest internet platform in China. He posted his first blog on 19 November.
For four years, he "turned out a steady stream of scathing social commentary, criticism of government policy, thoughts on art and architecture, and autobiographical writings.
Ai then turned to Twitter and wrote prolifically on the platform, claiming at least eight hours online every day. He wrote almost exclusively in Chinese using the account aiww.
Ai supported the Amnesty International petition for Iranian filmmaker Hossein Rajabian and his brother, musician Mehdi Rajabian , and released the news on his Twitter pages.
Ten days after the 8. In response to the government's lack of transparency in revealing names of students who perished in the earthquake due to substandard school campus constructions, Ai recruited volunteers online and launched a "Citizens' Investigation" to compile names and information of the student victims.
On 20 March , he posted a blog titled "Citizens' Investigation" and wrote: "To remember the departed, to show concern for life, to take responsibility, and for the potential happiness of the survivors, we are initiating a "Citizens' Investigation.
As of 14 April , the list had accumulated 5, names. Ai suffered headaches and claimed he had difficulty concentrating on his work since returning from Chengdu in August , where he was beaten by the police for trying to testify for Tan Zuoren , a fellow investigator of the shoddy construction and student casualties in the earthquake.
On 14 September , Ai was diagnosed to be suffering internal bleeding in a hospital in Munich, Germany, and the doctor arranged for emergency brain surgery.
According to the Financial Times , in an attempt to force Ai to leave the country, two accounts used by him had been hacked in a sophisticated attack on Google in China dubbed Operation Aurora , their contents read and copied; his bank accounts were investigated by state security agents who claimed he was under investigation for "unspecified suspected crimes".
Ai was placed under house arrest in November by the Chinese police. He said this was to prevent the planned party marking the demolition of his brand new Shanghai studio.
The building was blue printed by Ai himself with assistance, and potency coming from a "high official [from Shanghai]" the new studio was a part of a new traditionally design by Shanghai Municipal jurisdiction.
He was going to use it as a studio and mentor different architecture courses. After the fact Ai has been charged with fabricating the structure without the required approval and the knock down notice has been processed, Ai said, officials had been anxious, and the paperwork and planning process was "under government supervision".
According to Ai, a few different artists were invited to create and structure new studios in this area of Shanghai because officials wanted to create a friendly environment.
Ai stated on 3 November the higher authorities had let him know him two months earlier that the newly completed studio would be knocked down because it was illegal and did not meet the needs.
Ai criticized that this was biased, and he stated "the only one singled out to have my studio destroyed". As reported by The Guardian Ai saying Shanghai municipal authorities were "upset " by documentaries on objects they considered delicate: two of the higher known ones featured Shanghai resident Feng Zhenghu , who lived in forced separation for three months in Narita Airport, Tokyo; another well-known documentary focused on Yang Jia , who murdered six Shanghai police officers.
At the end of the term, the group took place without Ai. All of his fans had river crab , an allusion to "harmony", and a euphemism used to jeer official censorship.
Ai was eventually released from house arrest the next day. Like other activists and intellectuals, Ai was stopped from leaving China in late Ai gave an idea that the higher ups wanted to stop him from attending the ceremony in December to award the Nobel Peace Prize to fellow dissident Liu Xiaobo.
Ai said that he was never invited to the ceremony, and was attempting to travel to South Korea in which he had an important meeting when he was told that he could not leave for reasons of national security.
On the day of 11 January , Ai's studio was knocked down and destroyed in a surprise move by the government.
On 3 April , Ai was arrested at Beijing Capital International Airport just before catching a flight to Hong Kong and his studio facilities were searched.
They took away laptops and the hard drive from the main computer; along with Ai, police also detained eight staff members and Ai's wife, Lu Qing. Police also visited the mother of Ai's two-year-old son.
A staff member recalled that Ai had mentioned receiving the offer earlier, "[but Ai] didn't say if it was a membership of the CPPCC at the municipal or national level, how he responded or whether he accepted it or not.
On 24 February, amid an online campaign for Middle East-style protests in major Chinese cities by overseas dissidents, Ai posted on his Twitter account: "I didn't care about jasmine at first, but people who are scared by jasmine sent out information about how harmful jasmine is often, which makes me realize that jasmine is what scares them the most.
What a jasmine! Analysts and other activists said Ai had been widely thought to be untouchable, but Nicholas Bequelin from Human Rights Watch suggested that his arrest, calculated to send the message that no one would be immune, must have had the approval of someone in the top leadership.
State media started describing Ai as a "deviant and a plagiarist" in early Objectively speaking, Chinese society does not have much experience in dealing with such persons.
However, as long as Ai Weiwei continuously marches forward, he will inevitably touch the red line one day. It said "Ai's detention is one of the many judicial cases handled in China every day.
It is pure fantasy to conclude that Ai's case will be handled specially and unfairly. The term possesses a double meaning in Chinese: one possible interpretation was given by Sheridan as: "Fuck your mother, the party central committee".
Ming Pao in Hong Kong reacted strongly to the state media's character attack on Ai, saying that authorities had employed "a chain of actions outside the law, doing further damage to an already weak system of laws, and to the overall image of the country.
One of the major protests by U. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and the International Council of Museums , which organised petitions, said they had collected more than 90, signatures calling for the release of Ai.
On 16 May , the Chinese authorities allowed Ai's wife to visit him briefly. Liu Xiaoyuan, his attorney and personal friend, reported that Wei was in good physical condition and receiving treatment for his chronic diabetes and hypertension ; he was not in a prison or hospital but under some form of house arrest.
On 22 June , the Chinese authorities released Ai from jail after almost three months' detention on charges of tax evasion. State media also reports that Ai was granted bail on account of Ai's "good attitude in confessing his crimes", willingness to pay back taxes, and his chronic illnesses.
After his release, his sister gave some details about his detention condition to the press, explaining that he was subjected to a kind of psychological torture: he was detained in a tiny room with constant light, and two guards were set very close to him at all times, and watched him constantly.
Camille the pen name of a Chinese-born writer living in New York , "neither a journalist nor an activist but simply an art lover who wanted to talk to him" had travelled to Beijing the previous September to conduct the interview and to write about his visit to "China's most famous dissident artist" for the magazine.
On 21 June , Ai's bail was lifted. Although he was allowed to leave Beijing, the police informed him that he was still prohibited from traveling to other countries because he is "suspected of other crimes," including pornography, bigamy and illicit exchange of foreign currency.
Ai says that at the beginning of his detention he was proud of being detained much like his father had been earlier. He also says it allowed him to try a dialogue with the authorities, something which had never been possible before.
Ai's family state that Ai is "neither the chief executive nor the legal representative of the design company, which is registered in his wife's name.
Offers of donations poured in from Ai's fans across the world when the fine was announced. Eventually, an online loan campaign was initiated on 4 November , and close to 9 million RMB was collected within ten days, from 30, contributions.
Notes were folded into paper planes and thrown over the studio walls, and donations were made in symbolic amounts such as 4 June , Tiananmen Massacre or 12 May , Sichuan earthquake.
To thank creditors and acknowledge the contributions as loans, Ai designed and issued loan receipts to all who participated in the campaign.
Lawyers acting for Ai submitted an appeal against the fine in January ; the Chinese government subsequently agreed to conduct a review. In June , the court heard the tax appeal case.
Ai's wife, Lu Qing, the legal representative of the design company, attended the hearing. Lu was accompanied by several lawyers and an accountant, but the witnesses they had requested to testify, including Ai, were prevented from attending a court hearing.
Ai said he had no illusions as to how the case would turn out, as he believes the court will protect the government's own interests. On 20 June, hundreds of Ai's supporters gathered outside the Chaoyang District Court in Beijing despite a small army of police officers, some of whom videotaped the crowd and led several people away.
Ai said he will not pay the remainder because he does not recognize the charge. The company was not able to complete this procedure as its materials and stamps were confiscated by the government.
The exhibition was held to celebrate the fifteenth anniversary of the art prize created by Uli Sigg in , with the purpose of promoting and developing Chinese contemporary art.
Ai won the Lifetime Contribution Award in and was part of the jury during the first three editions of the prize.
Shortly before the exhibition's opening, some museum workers removed his name from the list of winners and jury members painted on a wall.
In May , the Ullens Center for Contemporary Art , a non-profit art center situated in the art district of Beijing, held a retrospective exhibition in honor of the late curator and scholar, Hans Van Dijk.
Ai's assistants went to the art center and removed his works. This was to avoid problems with the Chinese authorities, who threatened to arrest her.
Ai has long advocated for the release of Julian Assange. The letter called on the UK and Sweden to guarantee Assange's freedom of movement and provide compensation.
Weiwei is often referred to as China's most famous artist. He has created works that focus on human rights abuses using video, photography, wallpaper, and porcelain.
From to , Ai Weiwei recorded the results of Beijing's developing urban infrastructure and its social conditions. Beginning under the Dabeiyao highway interchange, the vehicle from which Beijing was shot traveled every road within the Fourth Ring Road of Beijing and documented the road conditions.
Approximately kilometers and hours of footage later, it ended where it began under the Dabeiyao highway interchange. The documentation of these winding alleyways of the city center — now largely torn down for redevelopment — preserved a visual record of the city that is free of aesthetic judgment.
Moving from east to west, Chang'an Boulevard traverses Beijing's most iconic avenue. Along the boulevard's kilometer length, it recorded the changing densities of its far-flung suburbs, central business districts, and political core.
At each meter increment, the artist records a single frame for one minute. The work reveals the rhythm of Beijing as a capital city, its social structure, cityscape, socialist-planned economy, capitalist market, political power center, commercial buildings, and industrial units as pieces of a multi-layered urban collage.
The artist records a single frame for one minute for each view on the bridge. Beijing: The Second Ring was entirely shot on cloudy days, while the segments for Beijing: The Third Ring were entirely shot on sunny days.
The films document the historic aspects and modern development of a city with a population of nearly 11 million people.
Fairytale covers Ai Weiwei's project Fairytale, part of Europe's most innovative five-year art event Documenta 12 in Kassel, Germany in Ai invited Chinese citizens of different ages and from various backgrounds to travel to Kassel, Germany to experience a fairytale of their own.
Along with this documentary, Fairytale was documented through written materials and photographs of participants and artifacts from the event.
Fairytale was an act of social subversion, improving relationships between China and the West through interactions among participants and the citizens of Kassel.
Ai Weiwei felt that he was able to make a positive influence on both participants of Fairytale and Kassel citizens. On 15 December , a citizens' investigation began with the goal of seeking an explanation for the casualties of the Sichuan earthquake that happened on 12 May The investigation covered 14 counties and 74 townships within the disaster zone, and studied the conditions of schools that were affected by the earthquake.
By gathering and confirming comprehensive details about the students, such as their age, region, school, and grade, the group managed to affirm that there were 5, students who perished in the disaster.
Among a hundred volunteers, 38 of them participated in fieldwork, with 25 of them being controlled by the Sichuan police for a total of 45 times.
This documentary is a structural element of the citizens' investigation. At on 12 May , an 8. Over 5, students in primary and secondary schools perished in the earthquake, yet their names went unannounced.
In reaction to the government's lack of transparency, a citizen's investigation was initiated to find out their names and details about their schools and families.
As of 2 September , there were 4, confirmed. This video is a tribute to these perished students and a memorial for innocent lives lost. This video documents the story of Chinese citizen Feng Zhenghu and his struggles to return home.
The Shanghai authorities rejected Feng Zhenghu, originated from Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China, from returning to the country for a total of eight times in On 4 November , Feng Zhenghu attempted to return home for the ninth time but the police from Shanghai used violence and kidnapped him to board a flight to Japan.
Feng refused to enter Japan and decided to live in the Immigration Hall at Terminal 1 of the Narita Airport in Tokyo, as an act of protest.
He relied on food gifts from tourists for sustenance and lived at a passageway in the Narita Airport for 92 days. He posted updates over Twitter, they attracted much concern and led to wide media coverage from Chinese netizens and international communities.
On 31 January, Feng announced an end to his protest at the Narita Airport. On 12 February, Feng was allowed entry to China, where he reunited with his family at home in Shanghai.
Ai Weiwei and his assistant Gao Yuan, went from Beijing to interview Feng Zhenghu three times at the Narita Airport of Japan on 16 November 20 November and 31 January , and documented his life at the airport passageway and the entire process of his return to China.
Tan Zuoren was charged with "inciting subversion of state power". Chengdu police detained witnessed during the trial of the civil rights advocate, which is an obstruction of justice and violence.
Tan Zuoren was charged as a result of his research and questioning regarding the 5. Tan Zuoren was sentenced to five years of prison.
In June , Yang Jia carried a knife, a hammer, a gas mask, pepper spray, gloves and Molotov cocktails to the Zhabei Public Security Branch Bureau and killed six police officers, injuring another police officer and a guard.
He was arrested on the scene, and was subsequently charged with intentional homicide. In the following six months, while Yang Jia was detained and trials were held, his mother has mysteriously disappeared.
This video is a documentary that traces the reasons and motivations behind the tragedy and investigates into a trial process filled with shady cover-ups and questionable decisions.
The film provides a glimpse into the realities of a government-controlled judicial system and its impact on the citizens' lives.
On separate occasions, they were kidnapped, beaten and thrown into remote locations. The incidents attracted much concern over the Internet, as well as wide speculation and theories about what exactly happened.
This documentary presents interviews of the two victims, witnesses and concerned netizens. In which it gathers various perspectives about the two beatings, and brings us closer to the brutal reality of China's "crackdown on crime".
On 24 April at , Ai Weiwei aiww started a Twitter campaign to commemorate students who perished in the earthquake in Sichuan on 12 May Remembrance is an audio work dedicated to the young people who lost their lives in the Sichuan earthquake.
It expresses thoughts for the passing of innocent lives and indignation for the cover-ups on truths about sub-standard architecture, which led to the large number of schools that collapsed during the earthquake.
The shooting and editing of this video lasted nearly seven months at the Ai Weiwei studio. It began near the end of in an interception organized by cat-saving volunteers in Tianjin, and the film locations included Tianjin, Shanghai, Rugao of Jiangsu, Chaoshan of Guangzhou, and Hebei Province.
The documentary depicts a complete picture of a chain in the cat-trading industry. Stars group Stars group were a short-lived avant-garde group of self-taught artists operating in Beijing between and , staging outdoor exhibitions, ….
Tate Papers. The artist as activist: Ai Weiwei Carol Yinghua Lu The Chinese artist has become one of the most important cultural commentators of his generation.
Issue 20 Autumn online edition of Tate's magazine. The Unilever Series: turbinegeneration Internationally linking schools and galleries through contemporary art.
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